How will computers evolve in the next 100 years?

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Technology stack: Computers are developing at an increasingly fast pace and will develop greatly in the coming years. We all know how fast computer technology is developing. This development is so great that it is sometimes said that when you buy a new computer in a store, it will be outdated by the time it gets home. But on the other hand, there are certain limits to the development of computers.

Moore’s Law, proposed by an American scientist named Gordon Moore in 1965, states that the number of transistors on a fixed area chip roughly doubles every two years, but this rate has slowed over the years.

What will be the future of computers?

Assuming that microprocessor manufacturers can abide by Moore’s Law, the processing power of computers should double every two years, which means that in the next 100 years computers will be 1,125,899,906,842,624 times more powerful than current models. “As transistors get smaller,” he said in 2005, “to get down to the atomic level, we may run into fundamental barriers that we can’t cross.” At this point, we can’t put more transistors in the same area of the silicon wafer.

We might solve this problem by making larger silicon chips with more transistors, but transistors generate heat, and a hot processor can shut down the computer. Computers with fast processors need efficient cooling systems to prevent overheating. The more powerful the processor, the more heat the computer generates when running at full speed.

Another solution considered for this problem is to change to a multi-core architecture. A multi-core processor allocates a portion of its processing power to each core, and handles computational operations that can be broken down into smaller components. This method seems effective, but it is not very suitable for dealing with large computational barriers that cannot be decomposed. Future computers may adopt a completely different architecture than traditional computers.

Optical fibers, quantum processors, and computer DNA

Optical fiber technology has revolutionized computers, because optical fibers can transmit information at a very high speed and are not subject to electromagnetic interference like classic cables, but what if we built a computer that uses light instead of electricity to transmit information? The photonic system produces less heat than a conventional electronic transistor processor and data is transmitted more quickly, but engineers have not yet succeeded in creating a compact phototransistor that can be mass-produced.

Scientists at the Swiss Federal Institute in Zurich managed to create an optical transistor the size of an atomic molecule, but to make the system work, scientists had to cool the molecule to minus 272 degrees Celsius, or one degree Kelvin, which is just above the atomic temperature phototransistors can become. Part of a quantum computer. Unlike conventional computers that use numbers or binary bits to perform operations, quantum computers use quantum bits. A bit is either a 0 or a 1, and you can think of it as an on or off switch, but a qubit can be a 0 and a 1, or anything in between.

A quantum computer should be able to solve large problems that can be broken down into smaller problems much faster than a conventional computer. It should be borne in mind that quantum computers are inherently unstable. If the quantum state of a computer is perturbed, then its computing power will be the same as that of a normal computer. Like the phototransistor at the Swiss Federal Institute, quantum computers are kept at minus 273.16 degrees to preserve their quantum states.

On the other hand, the future of computers may lie within us, as groups of scientists develop computers that use DNA to process information. This combination of computer science and biology may be the path to the next generation of computers. A DNA computer can have several advantages over traditional computers. For example, DNA is an abundant and cheap resource, and if scientists figure out a way to harness DNA to process data, it will revolutionize computing.

Widespread use of computers

This is often the case in mainstream science fiction, where computers are so small and ubiquitous. In the future, there may be sensors on the ground that can monitor your physical health, computers in your car that can help you drive to work, and even computers that track your every move wherever you go.

While this may sound exciting, it can also be intimidating. On the bright side, computer networks will become so powerful that we will always have a fast and reliable connection to the Internet. You can communicate with anyone of your choice without worrying about service outages and your location. On the other hand, it will be possible for companies, governments or other organizations to collect, maintain and update your information wherever you go. We can

Saying through projects like Wi-Fi and technologies like 4G, LTE and WiMAX, over the past decade has seen strides towards the ubiquity of computers. You can buy a smartphone and access information on the World Wide Web in seconds.

We may also see significant changes in user interface technology. Today, most computers rely on physical input interfaces such as a computer mouse, keyboard, and trackpad. There are also computer programs that can track voice or eye movements. Computer scientists and neuroscientists are working on various brain-computer interfaces that would allow people to control computers using only their thoughts, and with that in mind, computers in the future may only interact with our thoughts.

It is difficult to predict the stage that technological development will reach in the next 100 years and is not necessarily linear or logarithmic. We may have decades of progress and then hit a period where we run into unexpected problems. Whatever happens in the future, the hardware we will rely on will definitely be very different from today’s computers.

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